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POST 12: PERIODIC SEXUAL SUSCEPTIBILITY

Hi again! To complete our discussion on proactive erections, there is one more topic we need to cover – mainly, what I like to call periodic sexual arousal, as exemplified by estral animals. A bitch, for example, goes in heat on (more-or-less) a regular basis and it is typically in this state that she will be “mounted” by a mature male of her kind. This periodic receptiveness to sex can be described as proactive because it does not depend on the presence of a mature male. Essentially, a bitch in heat is yet another example of an animal that “advertises to acquire” – or attract – a sexual partner. The attracting, to elaborate, is achieved by the release of pheromones in the air that can arouse mature male dogs that smell them [see Figure 12.1]. Once aroused, the males instinctually search for the female source of those pheromones so that they may copulate with her, so as to impregnate her. Thus, such males can be described as animals that “search [for] and seize” reproductive opportunities.

Figure 12.1: Attractor pheromones from a bitch in heat [left] attract mature male dogs [middle] for copulation [right].

Figure 12.1: Attractor pheromones from a bitch in heat [left] attract mature male dogs [middle] for copulation [right].

Opportunistic Arousal – a closer look
Opportunistic erections, as you know, occur when instinct detects an opportunity to procreate. This typically means finding a fertile member of the opposite gender by using the senses, such as sight or smell. It is important not to forget, however, that for many animals, an opportunistic arousal may also depend on detecting a preconstructed nest or some other location that is suitable for laying eggs – this is typical for spawning creatures.

Recapping
O.K., now we can summarize by saying that proactive erections, at the general level, can be described as being either due to:

  1. anxiety due to sexual competition,
  2. anxiety due to mortal affliction,
  3. conditioning, or
  4. periodicity (for estral creatures) [see Tree 12.1].
Tree 12.1: Proactive sexual arousal, as shown here, also includes the periodic sexual receptiveness of estral animals. This is labeled as periodicity, in our updated model.

Tree 12.1: Proactive sexual arousal, as shown here, also includes the periodic sexual receptiveness of estral animals. This is labeled as periodicity, in our updated model.

Next time, I’ll be discussing one of the most important, yet overlooked, issues regarding sexuality. Until then, all the best.


POST 11: A CLOSER LOOK AT PROACTIVE ERECTIONS

Great to have you back! Now, back to business …

From my previous posts, we know that the presence of sexual competition can invoke an erection in people who typically suffer from a poor self-image – whether such people want to admit it or not. This cause, however, is not the only reason why somebody may experience a proactive erection. In fact, there are mainly two other reasons why a person may suddenly find themselves aroused, despite not being anywhere near anyone else of the opposite gender. Those two reasons are due to:

  1. fear of sudden and inescapable death, and
  2. conditioning or sub-conscious learning.

Here’s a bit more detail, on each.

-Fear of sudden and inescapable death:
That’s right! Instinctual fear of sudden death may cause sexual arousal, provided that the one who is afraid cannot see any way of escaping such a situation. In the event where instinct perceives a possible escape from such danger, instinct activates itself into the so called “fight or flight” mode, which causes more blood to flow into the legs so that a bolt to safety can be more easily made. Consequently, sexual arousal is typically not possible when in this “fight or flight” mode.

Some of you reading this may like to think that this is simply wishful thinking. Hence, I will remind you that humans have always known this, it’s just that they’ve probably never looked at this type of situation from the perspective I’m presenting it in. Anyone who knows anyone who has spent time in an (old fashion) abattoir, for example, may have noticed how the animals about to be slaughtered suddenly “mount” each other. Such animals know they are about to die and they also know that there’s nothing they can do about it so they start “humping” each other. The same kind of thing also happens to people, even in this day and age, with the proof coming in the form of the so called “blizzard baby boom” – that is, a sudden wave of childbirths happening 9 months after a severe blizzard, such as in Peoria (Illinois), after the February blizzard of 2011. Of course, one could argue that those blizzard baby booms are simply due to too many people not knowing what else to do while being trapped indoors, without electricity. Such an argument, however, overlooks how fear can take over when one’s environment suddenly transforms from something familiar to something alien. Besides that, there are plenty more examples which justify the link between fear and arousal and these will be looked at in future posts.

For the scientifically minded readers among you, I know knowing the purpose of something is always very important. Obviously, the purpose behind sexual arousal motivated by a fear of sudden death is preservation of one’s genetic legacy and species or community. How? You may be wondering? Remember, instinct does whatever it can to preserve its genetic legacy. So, in the lead up to an apparently cataclysmic or catastrophic event, instinct encourages sexual reproduction in the “hope” that survivors, if there are any afterwards, will soon experience a baby boom that is meant to suddenly revive population numbers. Again, humans have always known this probably without ever realizing it – this is why you see a “make-out” scene in some action movies – just before the climax (pun intended) of the film, e.g. The Terminator (1984), Rapid Fire (1992), Fast and Furious (2009), to name a few.

I think I covered that well enough. Let’s move on!

-Conditioning or sub-conscious learning:
Have you ever become sexually aroused simply by smelling a specific perfume, or listening to a specific piece of music or simply by reading the word “SEX?” If so, then you have experienced a proactive erection due to conditioning. That is, when you sub-consciously associate certain things with sex so that the next time you come across those things, your instinct anticipates sex to follow soon after – hence, the arousal. Even the most abstract things, like letters of the alphabet, can be interpreted by instinct as a sign of imminent sex. This is part of the reason why erotic, picture-less novels arouse their readers or why some people can develop fetishes over even the most non-sexual objects around them. This is also the reason why intimate conversations or massages help some people get “in the mood” for sex.

Nobody is born pre-programmed to be aroused by such specific things, as mentioned in the previous paragraph, however, nature allows us to learn – typically through repetition – how to anticipate sex at the sub-conscious level so that we can become aroused more easily so as to encourage us to have reproductive sex more often. In this way, we can reproduce more often and thus, improve the survival chances of our species. This is the obvious evolutional advantage of being sexually aroused in this way. This “learning,” by the way, is picked up indirectly from various means, such as: the movies we watch, the books we read, the pictures we look at, the conversations we have, etc.

-Updating Our Model
Before finishing for today, I thought it would be worth updating our model on sexuality. So, remembering from Post 8 [ADAM’S ENVIRONMENT AND PROACTIVE ERECTION], we discussed how all counts of sexual arousal are either opportunistic or proactive. Now, we can add to this model by saying that proactive erections can, in turn, be due to the instinctual recognition of either:

  1. anxiety due to sexual competition,
  2. anxiety due to unavoidable mortal danger, or
  3. conditioning.

This is summarized in the following diagram [see Tree 11.1].

Tree 11.1: Proactive erections, as summarized in this tree model, can be due to conditioning or anxiety attributed to sexual competition or unavoidable mortal danger.

Tree 11.1: Proactive erections, as summarized in this tree model, can be due to conditioning or anxiety attributed to sexual competition or unavoidable mortal danger.

O.K., I guess that’s enough for another post. Next time, I plan on finishing up on proactive erections and then taking a closer look at opportunistic erections. Until then, take care.

Bibliography:
D. Barlow, D. Sakheim, J. Beck, ‘Anxiety increases sexual arousal’, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, vol. 92(1), February 1983, pp. 49-54.

D. Dutton & A. Aron, ‘Some Evidence for Heightened Sexual Attraction Under Conditions of High Anxiety’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 30(4), 1974, pp. 510-517.

D. H. Barlow, ‘Causes of sexual dysfunction: the role of anxiety and cognitive interference’, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 54, 1986, pp. 140-148.

I. P. Pavlov, Conditioned Reflexes, Dover Publications, New York, 2003, pp. 33-47.

E. B. Foa, M. J. Kozak, ‘Emotional processing of fear: Exposure to corrective information’, Psychological Bulletin, vol 99(1), January 1986, pp. 20-35.

J. Wolpe, ‘Psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition’, Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science, vol. 3(4), pp. 243-240.


POST 10: TIME OUT!

Welcome back! Before I go any further, I thought this would be a good time to recap some of the most important points we’ve discussed, so far. So here we go …

  • First of all, we described how there was no such thing as a: “gay”, “bi” or “straight” person because the existence of such persons is scientifically implausible. Additionally, “homosexuality” at best, offers no evolutional benefit to life while at worst, reduces the quality of life, due to a significantly increased risk of tissue injury and cancer. Thus, there must be a more logical way of understanding sexuality.
  • Understanding sexuality, at the ultimate level, depends on acknowledging the fundamental purpose of sexual arousal, i.e. reproduction. This means all counts of sexual arousal are due to instinct either recognizing or anticipating an opportunity to reproduce – even if the conscious mind doesn’t recognize what instinct perceives to recognize.
  • Erections due to instinct recognizing an obvious opportunity to procreate are described as opportunistic erections while erections due to instinct anticipating an opportunity to procreate are described as proactive erections.
  • The instinctual recognition of a sexual competitor may lead to a proactive erection. Such erections, therefore, are motivated by the instinctual drive to promote a superior libido so as to trump sexual competitors, in attracting mates [for reproduction].
    • In humans, today, such competitively induced proactive erections are obsolete, mainly due to:
      1. humans concealing their genitals with clothing
      2. permanent breast development, in women, obscuring womanly breast swelling due to sexual arousal
      3. the personal and intellectual demand for auxiliary traits in potential sexual partners, such as: charm, charisma, wealth, social status, etc.

As you can see, this short-sharp summary explains a lot without contradicting such well accepted concepts, like heredity. There is, of course, a lot more to discuss. For now, however, I just wanted to focus a little more on what causes some people to experience competitively induced proactive erections.

-Anxiety – the true trigger of competitively induced proactive erections
As the sub-heading suggests, anxiety really is the underlying cause of proactive erections pertaining to the instinctual recognition of sexual competition. Of course, the term anxiety, itself, is rather general, so to be more specific, the kind of anxiety we are really talking about here is the kind that comes from a severely negative self-image. What this means is that a person who experiences proactive erections due to sensing another person [or people] of the same gender, does so because deep down, they think they are not good enough for the opposite gender, when compared to people of their own gender. In other words, if you think, deep down, that you are relatively unattractive to the opposite gender then chances are you will experience sexual arousal when confronted with people of your own gender. Please note, that when I say “gender” I mean whether you are physically [born] male or female.

For those of you wondering how this can be the case, remember what I explained in my previous posts – particularly the ones with the comics. Your instinct is always trying to search for and attract the opposite gender so that you can reproduce. If your instinct “thinks” you are handicapped when juxtaposed with your local sexual competitors (i.e. people of your own gender) then your instinct tries to overcompensate your apparent deficiencies by advertising a robust libido, to the world around you [see Figure 10.1]. In this way, you could more easily attract sex seeking members of the opposite gender, who would be primarily interested in a functional libido – because without a working libido, no sex would be possible. Let us not forget, of course, that this instinctual attempt to keep you looking sexually appealing, is now obsolete (in people) due to the natural evolution of humanity.

Figure 10.1: The instinct of the man on the left tries to overcompensate for its relatively inferior physique by showing off a more vibrant libido. This, in primeval times, would have served to attract nearby women, who would have otherwise found the physically superior male [on the right] more attractive.

Figure 10.1: The instinct of the man on the left tries to overcompensate for its relatively inferior physique by showing off a more vibrant libido. This, in primeval times, would have served to attract nearby women, who would have otherwise found the physically superior male [on the right] more attractive.

I know that for some of you, believing my claims will not be possible without proof – that’s a good thing. Proof is always important with any claim and I have plenty of proof to back the claims I have made here, regarding a negative self-image and its impact on sexual arousal. In fact, most people [I suppose] already know the proofs of my claim and will realize this when they remember that:

  1.  many members of the so called LGBTQ community suffer from anorexia and/or bulimia, which are both strong indicators of a negative self-image [except, of course, when anorexia is due to poverty, disease or some other weight reducing agent]
  2. “lesbianism” for many women, first appears at about the age of 30 years – roughly the age when skin starts to lose its elasticity and wrinkles begin to appear. This is, no doubt, disastrous for many women, especially today – given the emphasis modern media places on maintaining a youthful image
  3. the apparent rise in the number of people identifying themselves as “homosexual,” particularly among teens. This coincides with a rise in direct and indirect marketing towards having the “ideal” body. Obviously, our media today, with its full cast of busty, leggy, curvy and shiny women along with its hunky, chiseled men, has a very negative impact on some of society’s most impressionable members.
Photograph 10.1: Recognizing that you may look too different to what the media suggests is beautiful can often lead to a negative self-image and anxiety.

Photograph 10.1: Perceiving that you may look too different to what the media suggests is beautiful can often lead to a negative self-image and anxiety.

I can go on but I don’t see a need to because I’m sure many of you can already think of other things that prove the essential link between a poor self-image and what many call “same sex attraction” or SSA, for short. Remember, it’s not same sex attraction (or SSA) because such a concept is not scientifically plausible. Instead, a more appropriate term would be “proactive erection syndrome” or PES, for short. So the next time you hear somebody using “SSA” to explain sexuality, feel free to enlighten them by introducing them to PES – a more logical and scientifically plausible understanding of sexuality [see Figure 10.2].

Figure 10.2: A new slogan to help combat the ill-conceived concept of same sex attraction.

Figure 10.2: A new slogan to help combat the ill-conceived concept of same sex attraction.

Alright everybody, that’s enough for one day. Next time, I plan on going deeper into proactive erections so as to bring to light a more thorough model of sexuality. Till then, all the best.

Bibliography:
T.G. Sandfort, R. de Graaf, R.V. Bijl, & P. Schnabel, ‘Same-sex sexual behavior and psychiatric disorders: findings from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS)’, Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 58, 2001, pp. 85-91.

H.M. Bos, T.G. Sandfort, E.H. de Bruyn, E.M. Hakvoort, ‘Same-sex attraction, social relationships, psychosocial functioning, and school performance in early adolescence.’, Developmental Psychology, vol. 44(1), Jan 2008, pp. 59-68.

D. M. Fergusson, ‘Sexual orientation of and mental health in a birth cohort of young adults.’, Psychological Medicine, vol. 35, 2005, pp. 971-981.

S. Cochran, V. Mays, M. Alegria, A. N. Ortega, D. Takeuchi, ‘Mental health and substance use disorders among Latino and Asian American lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults.’, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 75(5), October 2007, pp. 785-794.

C. S. Moran, ‘Mid-Life Sexuality Transitions in Women – a Queer Qualitative Study’, southernct.edu, 2008, Internet, https://www.southernct.edu/womensstudies/uploads/textWidget/wysiwyg/documents/WomensSexualityThesis.pdf, (27 July 2013).

L.M. Diamond, Sexual Fluidity: Understanding Women’s Love and Desire, Harvard University Press, U.S.A., 2008, pp. 137-170.

D. J. Carlat, C. A. Camargo, D. B. Herzog, ‘Eating Disorders in Males: A Report on 135 Patients’, Internet, http://www.hawaii.edu/hivandaids/Obsessive-_Eating_Disorders_in_Males__A_Report_on_135_Patients.pdf, (27 July 2013).

M. B. Feldman, I. H. Meyer, ‘Eating Disorders in Diverse Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Populations’, Int J Eat Disord, vol. 40(3), April 2007, pp. 218-226.


POST 9: OF BEACONS AND BABES

It’s great to have you back! Today, like I said last time, we’ll be looking at what proactive erections mean in women.

Okay, from last time, we described how proactive erections in men would have benefited primeval man in his quest to seduce women for reproductive sex. Like wise, proactive erections in women would have also benefited the primeval woman in her quest to seduce men for reproductive sex. In order to understand how, however, we must first review the anatomy of “Eve” – but before that, here’s a short but relevant comic I’d like you to look at quickly [see Comic 9.1].

Comic 9.1: A comic that highlights the importance of beacons.

Comic 9.1: A comic that highlights the importance of beacons.

-Eve’s Anatomy
I know what you are probably thinking, so far – what on Earth does this comic have to do with “Eve’s anatomy” or women’s sexuality, in general? The answer: “HOOTERS!” Hooters, or breasts to be politically correct (and polite), are essentially beacons and so, like all beacons, function to demand urgent attention to somebody or something that is in need of rescuing. Looking back at the comic, it is the survivors of the sunken ship who desire to be rescued, while in the case of a woman, it is her genetic legacy that “desires” to be rescued. Of course, the only natural way a woman can preserve her genetic legacy is to bear offspring, which means she must first have reproductive sex (i.e. with a man). To achieve that, however, a woman must first attract a man, which she typically does well by telegraphing the fullness of her breasts.* So, although it was no mystery to begin with, a woman’s breasts signal fertility to on-looking men.

That’s great so far, you may be thinking, but what does this have to do with understanding how proactive erections benefited primeval women? The answer becomes apparent when you consider the beacon-like nature of women’s breasts in the era of “Eve” – that is, when the mean menarche age was arguably about 18 to 20 years while life expectancy was arguably about 30 years. Additionally, the only time you would have noticed the breasts of women from that era, would have been when they [the women] were sexually aroused due to the presence of a man or men. Otherwise, those early women would have exhibited flat-chests. Now, if you meditate on these issues, pertaining to “Eve’s” anatomy and life-expectancy in a world full of mortal danger, it becomes clear that:

  1.  primeval women only had about 10 years to have children and
  2.  primeval women could typically only attract men when they knew, or suspected a man was present.

These restricting factors would have worked against every woman trying to attract men for reproductive sex, which ultimately would have meant a slower rate of population growth, especially given the likelihood of a relatively higher infant mortality rate. To improve population growth, therefore, primal women needed to become more sexually desirable to primal men.

Mercifully, evolution appears to have eventually given women the reproductive trump card that is proactive sexual arousal. With this ability, a woman could become sexually aroused at the sensing of another woman – regardless as to whether a man was known to be present or not. This meant that an onlooking man could become “attracted” to a woman aroused as such, due to her suddenly inflated breasts, despite that woman being entirely unaware of any man’s presence. Thus, primeval men would have been more easily aroused and therefore, more sexually attracted to proactively aroused women, which would have ultimately given such women the reproductive edge over their other female counterparts. This is comically portrayed in the following cartoon, Busting for Berries [see Comic 9.2].

Comic 9.2: A comic that depicts the beacon-like nature of women's breasts, in primeval times.

Comic 9.2: A comic that depicts the beacon-like nature of women’s breasts, in primeval times.

So there you have it, primeval women who experienced competitively induced proactive erections would have been the more sexually attractive women of that era, in the eyes of primeval men. This meant such women would have likely had more success in attracting men for sex and therefore, would have had more babies than those women who could not be aroused proactively. After some generations, no doubt, the predominant group of women in our species would have been those who could be aroused proactively, due to sensing sexual competition – that is, other women. This new era, of course, also eventually came to an end due to the birth of a new kind of woman; the permanently breasted woman. This new kind of woman, as common sense suggests, clean swept the mating game to the point where flat-chested women, whether proactively arousable or not, became extinct.

To finish off for today, I just wanted to highlight that although the proactively arousable, flat-chested woman may be extinct, her genes live on in her descendants; the permanently breasted women of today. This is why some women today, find themselves aroused by the presence of other women – it’s an inherited yet obsolete adaptation which evolved to make primeval women more sexually attractive to primeval men.

That’s all, for now, everyone. Thanks again and I hope to see you all again, next time.


*Of course, every man who “rescues” a woman’s genetic legacy is, in turn, rewarded with the propagation of his own genetic legacy – so it’s a win-win for both parties.

Bibliography:
A. Stanway, The Lover’s Guide: The art of better love making, Pan Macmillan Publishers, Sydney, 1992, pp. 27-29.

B. J. Dixon, G. M. Grimshaw, W. L. Linklater, A. F. Dixon, ‘Eye-Tracking of Men’s Preferences for Waist-to-Hip Ratio and Breast Size of Women’, Archives of Sexual Behaviour, vol. 40(1), 2009, pp. 43-50.

J. C. Confer, C. Perilloux, D. M. Buss, ‘More than just a pretty face: men’s priority shifts toward bodily attractiveness in short-term versus long-term mating contexts’, Evolution & Human Behavior, vol. 31(5), September 2010, pp. 348-353.

D. Milligan, J. O. Drife, R. V. Short, ‘Changes in breast volume during normal menstrual cycle and after oral contraceptives’, British Medical Journal, vol. 4, 1975, pp. 494-496.

J. G. H. Cant, ‘Hypothesis for the evolution of human breasts and buttocks’, American Naturalist, vol. 117, 1981, pp. 199-204.

G. G. Gallup Jr, ‘Permanent breast enlargement in human females: a sociobiological analysis’ Journal of Human Evolution, vol. 11(7), November 1982, pp. 597-601.

H. A. Rupp, K. Wallen, ‘Sex differences in viewing sexual stimuli: An eye-tracking study in men and women’, Hormones and Behavior, vol. 51(4), April 2007, pp. 524-533.

A. P. Moller, M. Soler, R. Thornhill, ‘Breast asymmetry, sexual selection, and human reproductive success’, Ethology and Sociobiology, vol. 16(3), May 1995, pp. 207-219.

L. A. Malcolm, ‘Determination of the Growth Curve of the Kukukuku People of New Guinea from Dental Eruption in Children and Adult Height’, Archaeology & Physical Anthropology in Oceania, vol. 4(1), April 1969, pp. 72-78.

R. Caspari, S. H. Lee, ‘Older age becomes common late in human evolution’, PNAS, vol. 101(30), July 27 2004, pp. 10895-10900.


POST 8: ADAM’S ENVIRONMENT AND PROACTIVE ERECTION

Welcome back! Today I want to build up on what we did last time and specifically look at, in more detail, the environment and its impact on the sexual creature within. Remember, I mentioned this last time although I did not elaborate because I thought it best we try look at human sexuality from a primeval perspective first. So, now that we’ve thought about “Adam,” “Eve” and “Steve,” let’s look at their environment and its impact on them.

Now then, let’s take another look at Adam and his environment – whereby environment means everything around him, including other people. Obviously, Adam’s environment is either going to stimulate him or not. When the environment does stimulate him, it’s either because

  1.  his environment presents him with an apparent opportunity to procreate, or
  2.  his environment invokes him to prepare for a potential opportunity to procreate.

Obviously, an apparent opportunity to procreate involves instinctually recognizing somebody of the opposite gender acting so as to entice sex, such as Eve in panel 5 of last post’s comic [see Figure 8.1]. Preparing for a potential opportunity to procreate, on the other hand, would include instinctually taking advantage of something else in the environment that is not a member of the opposite gender but can attract members of the opposite gender, for sex. In last post’s comic, for example, we saw Steve’s relatively superior physique induce an erection in Adam so that Adam may trump Steve, in seducing Eve. In this context, therefore, we realize that Adam’s erection in panel 15, is not a case of “gay desire” but in fact, a case of instinct trying to out-perform a competitor in the mating game [see Figure 8.1]. Thus, sexual stimulation is achieved when the environment presents the subject instinct with a procreative opportunity and/or a potential procreative opportunity that is signified by the presence of an apparently superior sexual competitor.

Figure 8.1: Eve, from the perspective of Adam's instinct, is an apparent opportunity to procreate (panel 5, left). Steve, on the other hand, is seen by Adam as a superior sexual competitor (panel 15, right) and so incites Adam's instinct to become aroused. In this way, Adam's instinct presents itself as the superior male that is ever so ready to copulate with nearby women, when juxtaposed with Steve.

Figure 8.1: Eve, from the perspective of Adam’s instinct, is an apparent opportunity to procreate (panel 5, left). Steve, on the other hand, is seen by Adam as a superior sexual competitor (panel 15, right) and so incites Adam’s instinct to become aroused. In this way, Adam’s instinct presents itself as the superior male that is ever so ready to copulate with nearby women, when juxtaposed with Steve.

I know that for some of you readers, my conclusion to the previous paragraph may seem some what opinionated and/or unorthodox when compared to contemporary thought. If you really think about what I’m saying, however, you will realize that this conclusion is consistent with my definition of sexual arousal, proposed in Post 5, i.e. “Sexual arousal is the autonomic preparation of the sexual organs for reproduction.” More importantly, however, this conclusion demystifies “same sex attraction” as nothing more than a mere misinterpretation of instinct’s attempt to capitalize on an anticipated opportunity to procreate. Hence, such erections are better described as proactive erections and will be labelled as such, from here after.

To put it all together then, opportunistic erections can be described as those types of erections that typically result when instinct “searches” and then attempts to “seize” procreative opportunities. Proactive erections, on the other hand, can be described as those types of erections that typically result when instinct tries to “advertise” its sexual assets so as to “acquire” a better chance of reproducing. Thus, all counts of sexual arousal can be described as being either opportunistic or proactive [see Tree 8.1].

Tree 8.1: Sexual arousal can be classified as being either proactive or opportunistic.

Tree 8.1: Sexual arousal can be classified as being either proactive or opportunistic.

Okay, that’s just about it, for now. I just wanted to add the following for the sake of completion, mainly, competitively induced proactive erections in men are obviously redundant in this day and age because women today don’t simply have sex with men because of their “package size” (I mentioned this last time). Additionally, men today, typically don’t walk around with their packages on display – so whether they’re experiencing: opportunistic erections, proactive erections or no erection at all, nobody would be able to tell unless they [the men] have their pants off. Cultural development, therefore, has (more-or-less) lead to the obsoleteness of proactive erections in men.

That’s it for now, everyone. Thanks again for reading. Next time, I’ll be talking about proactive erections in women.


POST 7: TACTICS OF THE “HORNY” BEAST WITHIN

Welcome back! From my last post, just to remind you, I mentioned how the body employed either one of two tactics to attain five essential elements for making babies – namely: (i) the “search and seize” and (ii) the “advertise to acquire” methods. Knowing exactly which of these tactics is being employed can be achieved by identifying the impact of the environment on the subject body – whether that subject is human or animal. To truly appreciate the strength of this proposition, however, you must first review human sexuality in its most primal form, i.e. when humans innocently roamed the Earth naked, aeons ago. This perspective is paramount because it removes much of the social variables that came afterwards, due to physical and social evolution. Hence, I will expand on these tactics in this context first, then expand on the nature of these tactics in a modern day context.

-Identifying Primal Sexual Tactics
“Proactive erections”, the first of my key concepts that I’d like to present, can be explained in a few different ways. I have chosen to explain it to you in comic and discussion form so that you could better imagine the mechanisms at play, in this context. N.B. The following comic (Comic 7.1) is meant to be taken light-heartedly, so in no way is it meant to be taken literally or offensively.

Comic 7.1: This is an untold story of Adam and Eve and their good ol' neighbor Steve.

Comic 7.1: This is an untold story of Adam and Eve and their good ol’ neighbor Steve.

From the comic, as simple or strange as it may seem, I demonstrate how early man would have utilized both the “search and seize” as well as the “advertise to acquire” methods for attaining the five elements necessary for reproduction. In panels 4 and 5, for example [see Figure 7.1], we see Adam “searching” for Eve and then capitalizing on his discovery of her. In panels: 15, 16, and 17, on the other hand, we see that although Adam and Steve are both unaware of Eve’s presence, Adam’s body still acts so as to attract Eve – by “advertizing” both a larger penis and a more vibrant libido than that of Steve. In this way, Adam is able to trump the physically superior Steve, in the mating game.

Figure 7.1: Adam “searches” for Eve in panel 4 (left) and then “seizes” upon his discovery of her in panel 5 (right).

Figure 7.1: Adam “searches” for Eve in panel 4 (left) and then “seizes” upon his discovery of her in panel 5 (right).

Figure 7.2: Adam's body, in the presence of the physically superior Steve, “advertizes” a more vibrant libido (panel 15, i.e. top) so as to “attract” the on looking Eve, for copulation (panels 16 and 17, i.e. middle and bottom, respectively).

Figure 7.2: Adam’s body, in the presence of the physically superior Steve, “advertises” a more vibrant libido (panel 15, i.e. top) so as to “acquire” the attention of the on looking Eve (panels 16 and 17, i.e. middle and bottom, respectively).

Yes; I know what some of you are thinking … “This comic is offensive to literal believers of the Book of Genesis (a.k.a. The First Book of Moses) and is also demeaning to women, etc.” Like I said before, it’s not meant to be taken literally. Instead, Adam represents early man while Eve represents early woman. Then, of course, there are those of you reading who would be asking questions along the lines of:

  1.  wouldn’t Adam think he was gay or bi when he noticed his erection while addressing Steve?
    And
  2.  wouldn’t Eve think Adam was gay after seeing him erect while standing near Steve? And
  3.  why would Eve be so shallow as to simply choose to “play” with a man with an apparently bigger “package?”

The answers to these questions stem from the connotations pertaining to the Garden of Eden, mainly, innocence due to ignorance. Question (i), to demonstrate, is answered with a simple “NO” because Adam in Eden represents humans at a time when sexual interaction between people was governed not by the mind but by the body – or in other words, instinct. This means that even if “Adam” did notice any of his erections, chances are he would not have questioned their function most likely because he lacked the intelligence to do so – this appears to be the case with animals today. Fair enough, you may be wondering, but then why don’t Adam and Steve “get it on” in panel 15 (see Figure 7.3)? The answer to this question is again, due to instinct (the body) and the mind. Remember, [human] sex in our own era is typically a voluntary act – we choose who to have sex with and how we want to have sex because our minds allow us to do so. Adam, on the other hand, would have not engaged in any sexual activity unless, his instinct perceived to have come into possession of the five necessary elements of sexual reproduction – which can only happen when Adam notices Eve.

Figure 7.3: Adam and Steve, as shown here (i.e. panel 15), will not have “got it on” because copulation (in such a primal era) would have been instinctually initiated and therefore reliant on the acquisition of the five necessary elements of sexual reproduction. In other words, Adam (and Steve, for that matter) could not have initiated sex at will because the earliest humans would have lacked the will-power to do so. Instead, instinct would have driven Adam (or any other primal man) to have sex only when Eve (or any other woman) appeared to be in front of him.

Figure 7.3: Adam and Steve, as shown here (i.e. panel 15), will not have “got it on” because copulation (in such a primal era) would have been instinctually initiated and therefore reliant on the acquisition of the five
necessary elements of sexual reproduction. In other words, Adam (and Steve, for that matter) could not have initiated sex at will because the earliest humans would have lacked the will-power to do so. Instead,
instinct would have driven Adam (or any other primal man) to have sex only when Eve (or any other woman) appeared to be in front of him.

Given all that I’ve said, so far, questions (ii) and (iii) can be answered, as follows. First of all, Eve would not think Adam is “gay” or “bi” because in the “Garden of Eden”, “Eve”, like “Adam”, is not intelligent enough to question the reason behind Adam’s erection. All she knows, instead, is that she “desires” to be with Adam or Steve because her instinct perceives that they possess the essential reproductive elements lacking in her own body. Given that then, question (iii) can be answered by saying that Eve is in no way shallow for choosing Adam over Steve because of “package” size. Instead, it was only natural that Eve pursued Adam’s larger package, rather than that of Steve’s, because bigger, it seems, often translates as better, in nature – people have always known this, hence, penile and breast enlargement surgery.

Obviously, women today are a lot more sophisticated than “Eve” or their primeval ancestors,
in the sense that penis size no longer completely determines a man’s worth (or at least I’d/we’d like to think). However, it is interesting to note that scientific research has shown that many women today, still involuntarily fixate on a man’s groin area before any other of his body parts. Human instinct, therefore, has not exactly let go of its primal past despite the generational development of the human mind.

Okay, I think that’s enough for this post. Obviously the key point today is that a man’s erection served not simply as a tool for transporting sperm to women but also served to attract women in primeval times. Thus, what looks like “gay desire” in men today, is in fact, an instinctual habit which evolved to attract primeval women, who may have been looking at a group of primeval men. Really, there’s a lot more to say about this matter so I’ll continue with this in my next post. See you then and thanks for reading!

Bibliography:
H. A. Rupp, K. Wallen, ‘Sex differences in viewing sexual stimuli: An eye-tracking study in men and women’, Hormones and Behavior, vol. 51(4), April 2007, pp. 524-533.


POST 6: MIND VERSUS BODY

Great of you to join me again. Let’s now take a look at that third question I was telling you about (from last time), i.e. “What causes individuals to become sexually aroused?” Clearly, everybody knows that the typical answer is something along the lines of seeing a member of the opposite gender acting seductively. Then, of course, there’s those less typical reasons for “what” causes sexual arousal, like: seeing a member of the same gender, masturbation, fetishes and fear. Great! Now that we’ve answered that question let’s go to our next post… Just kidding! Obviously, many people would like to know why those causes work the way they do for some people but then not for others. This is what I’ll begin to discuss now and then continue to discuss, in the next post or two.

Remember, sexual arousal is initiated by the body, NOT the mind – we covered this last time
when I defined sexual arousal as an “autonomic” response. Besides that, people have always known this anyway, hence, we hear slogans like “I can’t help the way I feel!” and “I was born this way!” etc. So, in order to understand those listed causes of sexual arousal, we must re-look at those causes and the rest of the world, from the perspective of the body – rather than the perspective of the mind. I know that this might sound weird to some people but just let me explain so you’ll see where I’m (or rather the body) is coming from. The way I see it, this is the key to understanding sexuality and the main reason why many people (scientists included) fail to see beyond the popular, although scientifically implausible, sexual orientations.

Alright, here we go! The body, at the most carnal level, is just a carbon-based machine. So,
like all machines, it is built for a specific purpose, mainly, to reproduce. In order to do that, however, the body needs five things, namely:

  1.  fuel (i.e. carbohydrates, fat) – to operate
  2.  sperm (male gamete) – to fertilize
  3.  an egg (female gamete) – to be fertilized
  4.  a safe environment – for nurturing a fertilized egg, and
  5.  body building material (i.e. protein, water) – for growth and structural maintenance

So, regardless of what the mind wants, all that the [sexually mature] body apparently wants is those five things, just listed, so that it can use them to build another body. Further, when the body finally “thinks” it has all of those five elements, it initiates sexual arousal in the “hope” that fertilization will be achieved by whatever means – e.g. coitus, spawning, etc.

spawning

Photograph 6.1: Frogs spawning.

How then, you may be wondering, does the body actually get hold of those five elements?
Easy! If you just take another look around, you will notice that nature employs two main methods, which I like to call:

  1.  the search and seize method, and
  2.  the advertise to acquire method.

As the name suggests, the “search and seize” method involves the body searching for those five elements needed for reproduction. It is, somewhat, an aggressive method because it relies on actively capitalizing on reproductive opportunities. An example of this method in nature, would be a rooster jumping on a hen so as to fertilize her eggs, before laying them. Alternatively, the “advertise to acquire” method involves the body releasing specific signals so as to attract the five previously described elements needed for reproduction. This method is rather passive because the body typically relies on being discovered by another body. An example of this method in nature, would be a cow releasing pheromones so as to attract any nearby bulls that are ready to mate.

lion copulating with lioness

Photo-figure 6.1: The lion “searches” for “and seizes” the lioness, for copulation, so as to produce offspring by uniting the five elements of reproduction.

peacock and peahen

Photo-figure 6.2: The peacock “advertises” himself so as “to acquire” the peahen, for copulation, so as to produce offspring by uniting the five elements of reproduction.

Now let’s just stop for a second. Remember what we set out to understand earlier in this post – it was to understand the various causes of sexual arousal, be it: sensing members of the opposite or same gender, masturbation, fetishes, and fear. Thanks to what we have discussed, so far, we are finally able to see these causes of sexual arousal as being a reflection of the method being employed by the body, to attain those five essential reproductive elements. I will expand on this point in my next few posts so that you may better understand why certain people become aroused by certain things but then not other things. See you then and thanks for reading.

Bibliography:
C. Darwin, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, D. Appleton and Company, New York, 1860.


POST 5: WHAT IS SEXUAL AROUSAL?

Welcome back! I’m going to cut-to-the-chase and just tell you my definition of sexual arousal. Here it goes, for animals and people:

Sexual arousal is the autonomic preparation of the sexual organs for reproduction.

I know this might sound kind of generic and probably bias, to some, but there are very logical reasons for this definition, which I’ll now elaborate on.

  • First of all, by “autonomic preparation of the sexual organs” I mean that the sexual organs of the human or animal in question, undergo an involuntary change; such that this change makes the human or animal in question, ready to do something specific.
    • Obviously, in humans, this change appears as an erect penis in men while in women, it appears as an erect clitoris and an open and self-lubricating vagina.
    • With most other mammals, these changes are more-or-less equivalent to what is seen in people.
    • With all other types of animals, it would seem logical to expect such similar changes.
  • Secondly, that “something specific” I mentioned earlier has most definitely got to be reproduction because of the obvious release and coming together of the male and female gametes, which typically proceeds arousal.
    • For example, in humans and animals that reproduce by similar enough means:
      1. the erect penis, when stimulated enough, ejaculates semen and sperm – the male gamete
      2. the aroused vagina self-lubricates while providing an open passage way to the uterus and fallopian tubes, where you’ll find the ovum – the female gamete
        • It’s pretty obvious that the opened vagina self-lubricates to accommodate the insertion of an erect penis so that when it [the penis] ejaculates, the semen and sperm can easily find their way to the ovum so that fertilization may take place.
    • In animals that reproduce by external fertilization:
      1. mature males and females release their gametes in close proximity.
        • The result of this release is fertilization, with no-doubt this being nature’s intention.

So by the end of the day, a man – whether he calls himself “gay” or “straight” – becomes aroused so that he can ejaculate for the sake of reproducing. Similarly, a woman – whether she calls herself “lesbian” or not – becomes aroused so that her body can accept an erect penis and its ejaculate, for the sake of reproducing. Thus, men and women (and animals) become sexually aroused so that they may reproduce. Obviously, this last conclusion is the answer to my second question, from my last post, i.e. “why do individuals become sexually aroused?” – the answer:

Individuals become sexually aroused so that they can reproduce.

To finish for today’s post, I just wanted to point to the obvious – which I’m sure you’ve already figured out – that the mechanism by which reproduction actually occurs, varies from species to species. Humans, obviously, reproduce by what we call coitus – or penis-vagina sex. Similar types of behavior is seen in many other mammals and birds while many fish and amphibians spawn. What is important to note here is that actions like coitus and spawning simply cannot occur without sexual arousal, which thus, reaffirms reproduction (through coitus, spawning etc.) as the [human or animal] body’s natural motivation behind sexual arousal.

Okay; my next post is going to be very important, not merely because I’m going to be answering my third question from last time, i.e. “what causes individuals to become sexually aroused?” but because I’ll be attempting to show you yet another reason why a lot of people (scientists included) get all muddled up when trying to understand “homosexuality.” Till then, take care and thanks for reading.

Bibliography:
A. Stanway, The Lover’s Guide: The art of better love making, Pan Macmillan Publishers, Sydney, 1992, pp. 27-29.


POST 4: BAD QUESTIONS AND BETTER QUESTIONS

The real reason, at least the way I see it, why people (scientists included) cannot seem to resolve the aforementioned mysteries of “homosexuality” is because they are simply not asking the right questions. You only need to look around once to notice that many ask questions like:

  • “How do people become gay?”
  • “Why do people become gay?”
  • “What causes homosexual desire?”
  • “Why do some people become gay in prison?”, etc.

The major problem with these types of questions is that they all (more-or-less) imply that “homosexuality” exists, such that science can back its existence with reason or observation. You know from my second post, however, that science cannot back the existence of “homosexuality” because heredity will not allow its propagation. Additionally, my third post highlights that penetrative “gay sex” is, in fact, not exclusively “gay” because “heterosexuals” can also engage in such behavior. Thus, the previously proposed questions can never be decently answered because no observation can uniquely identify “homosexual” behavior while heredity gives no reason for homosexuality to exist.

What then, you may be wondering, will constitute a decent question that will help us better understand sexuality? Obviously, a decent question will not contain strange concepts like: “homosexuality”, “gay”, “bi”, “straight”, etc. Instead, we’ll start with a simple enough question – one which can be answered easily enough with scientific reasoning. From there we will be able to probe more deeply into sexuality by asking more specific questions which again, can be answered and backed scientifically.

So then, what simple question should we ask first? I suppose there might be a few to choose from but I prefer to start off by asking “What is sexual arousal?” I recommend starting with this question, as trivial as it may seem, because without sexual arousal there can be no sex. After answering this question, we will then attempt to answer:

  • why individuals become sexually aroused, and
  • what causes individuals to become sexually aroused.

From there we will be able to build a better understanding of sexuality. By better, I mean one that actually makes scientific sense while making the world a better place – I hope.

Okay, I think we’ve had enough fun for one post. So I’m going to answer these questions next time and I suppose in the mean time, you could have a guess at how I might define them.


POST 3: HOMOSEXUALITY VERSUS HEALTH

Welcome back! In my last post, I briefly discussed how “homosexuality” offered no apparent
advantage to life – as we know it. So, for the sake of completion, I thought it would be worth discussing the known negatives that come with being “gay.” Before I continue, however, I just want to clarify that the term “gay”, as used in my last sentence, is very misleading because what I am about to discuss actually applies to everyone – regardless of the orientation one may consider themselves to be. Let me explain, society typically appears to describe “gay sex” as being either “oral sex” or “anal sex.” Both of these activities, however, can and are also performed by “heterosexual” couples. So really, the following health risks apply to anyone who engages in oral or anal sex – regardless of any perceived sexual orientations.

Note: the following are presented from a purely natural perspective. By that I mean I have purposely kept the use of condoms out of the question so as to keep everything as “natural” as possible.

-The Dangers of Fellatio, Cunnilingus and Anilingus (i.e. Oral Sex)
Many people, particularly adolescents, seem to think oral sex is always a safer alternative to penis-vagina sex (i.e. coitus) – especially when it comes to preventing unwanted pregnancies. Recent scientific research, however, has found that oral sex significantly increases a person’s chances of contracting sexually transmitted diseases/illnesses (STD’s/STI’s) and oral cancers, such as throat cancer. In the worst cases, such cancers have caused permanent mouth disfigurement in patients together with a constant need for medicine to minimize both pain and the risk of further infection. Syphilis is also typically found in such patients because of its ability to be passed on orally. Such patients end up having a shortened and reduced quality of life.

Photograph 3.1: Oral sex is risky to all who engage in it, regardless of sexual orientation.

This, as far as I’m concerned, definitely does not look like a safer alternative to coitus (penis-vagina sex) but rather, the exact opposite. Oral sex, therefore, does not advantage life in any way but it can certainly disadvantage it.

-The Dangers of Sodomy (i.e. Anal Sex)
Given oral sex is a dangerous choice for sex, is there any bad news for [penetrating] “spooners?” Unfortunately, yes! Anal sex (or sodomy) is just as bad, if not worse than oral sex because it too, increases the risks of contracting cancers – but of the anal type. Besides that, the immediate danger of being penetrated from the anus is the risk of incurring an anal fissure. That is, when the anal passage rips because of the penis (or other object) being inserted into it. These fissures often are extremely painful and typically require a medical doctor to: inspect, clean and then perform some stitching just to stop the bleeding. Additionally, such bodily damage can make it very painful to sit down – as if the patient was suffering from hemorrhoids. Anal fissures, to add to the discomfort, are especially risky because of the high chance of infection they pose to the patient. Anal sex, like oral sex therefore, disadvantages life by causing bodily damage and increasing the risk of infection and cancer.

Photograph 3.2: Anal sex, whether homosexual or not, can lead to physical damage of the anus, which may complicate to an infection and/or cancer.

-My Perspective
Okay, clearly the mouth and butt were not created to be penetrated by the penis or similar. There’s just too many serious short-term and long-term health risks associated with oral and anal sex, which are typically not found with coitus.

For my next post, I plan on questioning the questions that society asks to define its members. From that step, we will finally be able to build a whole new understanding of sexuality, which supersedes society’s current understanding. I look forward to seeing you then.

Bibliography:
G. D’Souza, A.R. Kreimer, R. Viscidi, M. Pawlita, C. Fakhry, W.M. Koch, W.H. Westra, M.L. Gillison, ‘Case – Control Study of Human Papillomavirus and Oropharyngeal Cancer’, The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 356(19), May 2007, pp. 1944-1956.

G. D’Souza, Y. Agrawal, J. Halpern, S. Bodison, M.L. Gillison, ‘Oral Sexual Behaviors Associated with Prevalent Oral Human Papillomavirus Infection’, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 199(9), May 2009, pp. 1263-1269.

P.V. Chin-Hong, E. Vittinghoff, R.D. Cranston, L. Browne, S. Buchbinder, G. Colfax, M. Da Costa, T. Darragh, D.J. Benet, F. Judson, B. Koblin, K.H. Mayer, J.M. Palefsky, ‘Age-Related Prevalence of Anal Cancer Precursors in Homosexual Men: The EXPLORE Study’, Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 97(12), June 2005, pp. 896-905.

‘Anal Cancer’ in American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, 2008, Internet,
http://www.fascrs.org/patients/conditions/anal_cancer/

‘Oral sex can cause throat cancer’ in New Scientist, 2007, Internet,
http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn11819-oral-sex-can-cause-throat-cancer.html#.UiRT1VLzanA